Pure.css vs Ant Design

When it comes to building web applications, choosing the right CSS framework can significantly affect both the development process and the final product. Two popular choices in the world of CSS frameworks are Pure.css and Ant Design. In this article, we will delve into a comprehensive comparison between these two frameworks, examining their features, use cases, and how they can benefit your project.

Introduction to Pure.css

Pure.css is a minimalistic approach to CSS frameworks. It is designed to be small and responsive, providing a set of CSS modules that you can use in every web project. Pure.css is built on Normalize.css and provides layout and styling for native HTML elements, plus the most common UI components. It’s lightweight and doesn’t use any JavaScript, which makes it an excellent choice for projects that require a slimmed-down framework that can be easily customized.

Key Features of Pure.css

  • Minimalist: Pure.css is exceptionally lightweight, with the entire set of modules clocking in at 4.0KB* minified and gzipped.
  • Responsive: It includes a responsive grid that can be customized to work with various designs.
  • Modular: Use what you need. Pure is broken down into modules so you can pick and choose which parts you want to include in your project.
  • Style-agnostic: It provides the bare-bones styling needed for a web project and can be easily extended with your own styles.

Documentation and Installation of Pure.css

The documentation for Pure.css can be found on its official website, which provides a thorough guide to getting started and using the framework.

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries for Pure.css

While Pure.css is designed to be used as-is, there are some third-party tools that can complement it:

  • Pure.css Layouts: Pre-built layouts to help you get started on your project.
  • Pure.css Themes: Various themes to change the look of Pure.css components.

Introduction to Ant Design

Ant Design, often referred to as Antd, is a design system for enterprise-level products. It provides a set of high-quality React components out of the box, which are written in TypeScript. It also includes a range of design tools and resources for creating a cohesive user interface.

Key Features of Ant Design

  • Enterprise-grade components: Ant Design offers a comprehensive suite of over 50 components designed for enterprise-level applications.
  • Design language: It follows the Ant Design System, which is a set of design principles for creating a uniform user experience.
  • Customizable: Components can be customized with a set of configuration options.
  • Internationalization: Built-in support for internationalization allows for easy localization of applications.

Documentation and Installation of Ant Design

Ant Design has extensive documentation that covers its components, best practices, and how to get started with the framework.

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries for Ant Design

Ant Design has a vibrant ecosystem with several third-party addons and libraries that enhance its capabilities:

  • antd-theme-generator: A tool to generate themes for Ant Design components.
  • antd-pro-components: A set of high-quality React components that work out of the box with Ant Design Pro.

Code Samples and Usage

Pure.css Code Sample

Here’s an example of how to create a responsive menu using Pure.css:

<!DOCTYPE html>
  <title>Pure.css Responsive Menu</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://purecss.io/build/pure-min.css">

<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal">
  <a href="#" class="pure-menu-heading pure-menu-link">LOGO</a>
  <ul class="pure-menu-list">
    <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">Home</a></li>
    <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">About</a></li>
    <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="#" class="pure-menu-link">Contact</a></li>


This code will produce a horizontal menu that is responsive and adapts to different screen sizes.

Ant Design Code Sample

To create a similar responsive menu using Ant Design, you would use the following React component code:

import React from 'react';
import { Menu } from 'antd';
import 'antd/dist/antd.css';

const AppHeader = () => (
  <Menu mode="horizontal">
    <Menu.Item key="logo">LOGO</Menu.Item>
    <Menu.Item key="home">Home</Menu.Item>
    <Menu.Item key="about">About</Menu.Item>
    <Menu.Item key="contact">Contact</Menu.Item>

export default AppHeader;

This React component will create a horizontal menu using Ant Design’s Menu component, which is also responsive and provides various interactive features.

Customization and Styling

Customizing Pure.css

Pure.css is designed to be minimal and easily customizable. You can override the default styles by writing your own CSS rules or by using a preprocessor like Sass or LESS to extend the styles. Here’s an example of how you can customize the look of a Pure.css button:

.pure-button {
    background-color: #1f8dd6;
    color: white;
    border-radius: 4px;
    padding: 10px 20px;
    font-size: 16px;
    text-transform: uppercase;

By adding this CSS to your project, you can modify the appearance of all buttons that use the .pure-button class.

Customizing Ant Design

Ant Design provides a set of customization options through its theme variables. You can adjust the theme by modifying these variables using a tool like antd-theme-generator. Alternatively, you can use Ant Design’s ConfigProvider component to apply a theme to all Ant Design components in your application. Here’s an example of how to customize the primary color:

import { ConfigProvider } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

// Import your custom theme file instead of the default Ant Design styles
import './my-custom-theme.less';

    <App />

In your my-custom-theme.less file, you would set the primary color like this:

@primary-color: #1f8dd6; // Customize Ant Design's primary color

Performance and Optimization

Performance of Pure.css

Pure.css is known for its performance because of its small footprint. It is purely CSS-based, which means it does not rely on JavaScript, and this can lead to faster load times and better performance, especially on mobile devices.

Performance of Ant Design

Ant Design is a more extensive library and includes JavaScript, which means it can be heavier than Pure.css. However, Ant Design supports tree shaking, which allows you to include only the components you use in your project, potentially reducing the size of your bundle.

Community and Support

Community Support for Pure.css

Pure.css has a dedicated community, and you can find support through various channels such as Stack Overflow, GitHub, or the Pure.css Gitter chat room. Although it might not be as large as some other communities, it is still active and helpful.

Community Support for Ant Design

Ant Design has a large community, especially among developers who work with React and TypeScript. You can find support and discussions on GitHub, Stack Overflow, and the Ant Design community chat. The community is very active and continues to contribute to the framework’s development.


Both Pure.css and Ant Design offer unique benefits for different project requirements. Pure.css is best suited for projects that require a lightweight, CSS-only framework with minimal design constraints. Its performance advantage and ease of customization make it ideal for simple web applications.

On the other hand, Ant Design provides a comprehensive suite of pre-designed components, making it a go-to choice for enterprise-level applications where consistency and a rich set of features are necessary. Its integration with React and TypeScript also makes it a popular choice for modern web development.

Ultimately, the decision between Pure.css and Ant Design will depend on the specific needs of your project, the scale of your application, and your development environment.

Additional Resources

By considering the above factors and exploring the resources provided, you can make an informed decision on which CSS framework to choose for your next project. Whether it’s the simplicity and speed of Pure.css or the comprehensive component library of Ant Design, both frameworks have their merits and can contribute to the success of your web application.

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