Materialize vs Chakra UI

When it comes to building visually appealing and responsive web applications, choosing the right CSS framework can significantly streamline the development process. Two popular options in the realm of CSS frameworks are Materialize and Chakra UI. Both frameworks offer a range of components and tools to help developers create modern user interfaces, but they come with different philosophies and feature sets. In this article, we’ll dive deep into the specifics of Materialize and Chakra UI, comparing their offerings and helping you decide which one aligns best with your project needs.

Materialize: A Material Design Framework

Materialize is a responsive front-end framework based on Google’s Material Design guidelines. It provides a set of ready-to-use components and styles that adhere to the principles of Material Design, such as bold, graphic, and intentional use of color and motion to provide a tactile and unified experience.

Key Features of Materialize

  • Predefined Components: Materialize offers a variety of UI components like buttons, cards, navbars, and modals that are easy to use and customize.
  • Responsiveness: The framework is built with a mobile-first approach, ensuring that your website will look great on all devices.
  • JavaScript Options: Materialize includes jQuery-based JavaScript plugins for additional interactivity, such as parallax effects, tooltips, and dropdowns.

Documentation and Installation

The Materialize documentation is comprehensive and includes examples and code snippets for each component. To install Materialize, you can download it directly from the website or use a package manager like npm:

npm install materialize-css@next

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries

  • Materialize-Stepper: A plugin for creating steppers with Materialize.
  • Materialize-Clockpicker: A time picker addon for Materialize.

Chakra UI: A Simple, Modular and Accessible Component Library

Chakra UI is a modern React UI library that provides a set of accessible, reusable, and composable React components that make it super easy to create websites and apps.

Key Features of Chakra UI

  • Accessibility: Chakra UI components follow the WAI-ARIA guidelines specifications and have the right aria-* attributes.
  • Themeable: Customize any part of the components to match your design needs.
  • Component Flexibility: Components are built with composition in mind, allowing you to mix and match to create custom components.

Documentation and Installation

Chakra UI has an extensive and well-organized documentation that includes a guide on how to get started, as well as detailed information on each component. To install Chakra UI in your React project, you can use npm or yarn:

npm i @chakra-ui/react @emotion/react @emotion/styled framer-motion


yarn add @chakra-ui/react @emotion/react @emotion/styled framer-motion

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries

  • Chakra Templates: A collection of templates and layouts built with Chakra UI.
  • Chakra UI Icons: An icon library that complements Chakra UI components.

Code Samples

To give you a better sense of how each framework functions in practice, let’s look at some code samples for creating a simple button component.

Materialize Button Sample

<!-- Include Materialize CSS -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

<!-- Include Materialize JavaScript -->
<script src=""></script>

<!-- Materialize Button -->
<a class="waves-effect waves-light btn">Button</a>

Chakra UI Button Sample

First, make sure you’ve set up Chakra UI in your project according to the installation guide.

import * as React from "react";
import { Button } from "@chakra-ui/react";

function App() {
  return (
    <Button colorScheme="blue">Button</Button>

export default App;

In the next section of this article, we’ll delve into the ease of customization, community support, performance, and real-world applications of both Materialize and Chakra UI. Stay tuned for an even deeper comparison that will help you make an informed decision for your next project.

Customization and Flexibility

One of the most important aspects of any CSS framework is its ability to be customized to fit the unique branding and design requirements of your project.

Materialize Customization

Materialize provides a Sass version that allows you to customize the framework by changing variables before compiling your CSS. This includes colors, fonts, and other elements that can be adjusted to fit your design needs. You can also remove components you don’t need to reduce the final file size.

// Customizing Materialize variables before importing
$primary-color: color("blue", "lighten-2");

@import "materialize";

With Materialize, you can also add custom classes to the predefined components and override the default styles with your CSS, giving you a decent level of customization.

Chakra UI Customization

Chakra UI’s theming is one of its core features. It uses an extendable theme object that allows you to define your design tokens, such as colors, fonts, and component sizes. The ThemeProvider component wraps your application and applies these styles consistently across all Chakra components.

import { ChakraProvider, extendTheme } from "@chakra-ui/react";

const theme = extendTheme({
  colors: {
    brand: {
      900: "#1a365d",
      800: "#153e75",
      700: "#2a69ac",

function App() {
  return (
    <ChakraProvider theme={theme}>
      {/* Your app goes here */}

This approach not only makes customization straightforward but also ensures that accessibility and responsiveness are maintained.

Community Support and Resources

The community and resources available for a framework can greatly influence its ease of adoption and the support you can expect when facing issues.

Materialize Community

Materialize has been around since 2014 and has built a sizable community. There are many tutorials, courses, and third-party resources available. However, as it is not as actively maintained as some other frameworks, the community activity and resource updates may not be as frequent.

Chakra UI Community

Chakra UI is relatively newer but has quickly gained popularity, especially in the React community. It has a growing number of contributors on GitHub and an active community that provides support through Discord and Stack Overflow. Additionally, because it is React-specific, the resources and community discussions are often more focused and relevant to React developers.

Performance Considerations

Performance is a critical factor, especially when it comes to the load time and responsiveness of your web application.

Materialize Performance

Materialize can be quite heavy due to its jQuery dependency and the full set of components it includes. To mitigate this, you should be selective with the components you include in your build. Using the Sass version to compile only the necessary styles can also improve performance.

Chakra UI Performance

Chakra UI is designed with performance in mind. It does not have any external dependencies like jQuery, which can bloat your application. The modular nature of the library means you can import only the components you need, which helps keep your bundle size small.

Real-World Applications

Both frameworks are used in production environments across various types of web applications. Materialize is a good choice if you’re looking for a Material Design look and feel and are working with a broader technology stack. Chakra UI is an excellent option for React developers who prioritize accessibility and customization and are looking to build modern web applications with a clean design.


Materialize and Chakra UI offer unique sets of features that cater to different project requirements. Materialize is well-suited for developers looking for a Material Design compliant framework with a wide range of components. On the other hand, Chakra UI is ideal for those who need a highly customizable, accessible, and performance-focused library specifically designed for React.

In choosing between Materialize and Chakra UI, consider the specific needs of your project, the importance of performance, community support, and whether your project is React-based. Both frameworks have their strengths, and the right choice will depend on the context of your work.

For more information and to explore the frameworks further, visit the official websites and documentation for Materialize and Chakra UI. Whether you choose Materialize or Chakra UI, both frameworks provide robust solutions for building dynamic and responsive user interfaces.

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