Bootstrap vs Milligram

In the world of web development, the use of CSS frameworks to expedite and simplify the design process is commonplace. Two of the many frameworks available to developers are Bootstrap and Milligram. Each has its own strengths and use-cases, and in this article, we’ll delve into an exhaustive comparison to help you decide which framework best suits your needs.

Understanding Bootstrap

Bootstrap is one of the most popular CSS frameworks available today. It’s designed to help developers create responsive and mobile-first websites quickly and efficiently. Bootstrap contains a vast collection of pre-styled components, JavaScript plugins, and a grid system that adapts to screens of all sizes.

Key Features of Bootstrap

  • Responsive Grid System: Bootstrap’s 12-column grid system is flexible and easy to use, enabling developers to create complex layouts that are responsive out of the box.
  • Pre-styled Components: With an extensive list of components like navbars, dropdowns, alerts, and modals, Bootstrap allows for rapid UI development.
  • JavaScript Plugins: Bootstrap comes with a variety of jQuery-based JavaScript plugins that add dynamic features to websites, such as carousels, tooltips, and popovers.
  • Customization: Bootstrap can be customized to fit the design requirements of your project. You can either modify the SASS/SCSS files or override the default styles with your own.
  • Extensive Documentation: Bootstrap has comprehensive documentation that makes it beginner-friendly. It includes examples and code snippets for better understanding.

Installation and Documentation Links for Bootstrap

Popular Third-party Addons or Libraries for Bootstrap

  • BootstrapVue: For integrating Bootstrap with Vue.js applications.
  • React-Bootstrap: For using Bootstrap components as React components.
  • Bootswatch: A collection of free themes for Bootstrap.

Bootstrap Code Sample

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>Bootstrap Sample</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">
<div class="container">
  <h1>Hello, world!</h1>
  <button class="btn btn-primary">Click me</button>
<script src=""></script>
<script src="[email protected]/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"></script>

Exploring Milligram

Milligram provides a minimalist CSS framework that focuses on simplicity and fine-grained control of the design elements. It’s a great choice for developers who want a lightweight starting point without the overhead of extensive pre-styled components.

Key Features of Milligram

  • Minimalist Approach: Milligram is known for its clean and minimalist approach, making it a perfect choice for projects that require a simple, no-frills design.
  • Lightweight: The entire framework is only about 2KB gzipped, which is ideal for performance-conscious projects.
  • Flexbox Grid System: Milligram uses flexbox for its grid system, providing a modern and flexible approach to layouts.
  • Typography: The framework places a strong emphasis on typography, ensuring that text is readable and aesthetically pleasing on all devices.
  • Cross-Browser Compatibility: Milligram aims to maintain compatibility across various browsers, ensuring consistent look and behavior.

Installation and Documentation Links for Milligram

Popular Third-party Addons or Libraries for Milligram

  • Milligram-scss: An SCSS version of Milligram for those who prefer using SASS/SCSS.
  • Milligram-themes: Various themes available for Milligram to quickly change the look of your site.

Milligram Code Sample

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>Milligram Sample</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">
<div class="container">
  <h1>Hello, world!</h1>
  <button class="button">Click me</button>

Comparing Bootstrap and Milligram

When deciding between Bootstrap and Milligram, it’s essential to consider the scope and requirements of your project. Bootstrap is feature-rich and comes with a lot of built-in components that can significantly speed up development. On the other hand, Milligram is minimalistic and lightweight, offering a clean slate for those who prefer to build their design from the ground up.

In the following sections, we will compare the two frameworks in terms of their grid systems, components, customization options, and overall performance. We will also look at the community support and ecosystem surrounding each framework, as these factors can greatly influence the development experience and future maintenance of your project.

Grid Systems: Bootstrap vs. Milligram

Bootstrap Grid System

Bootstrap’s grid system is based on a series of containers, rows, and columns to layout and align content. It uses a 12-column approach which can be mixed and matched to create different layouts that are responsive across various screen sizes.

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-8">.col-md-8</div>
    <div class="col-md-4">.col-md-4</div>

The above code creates a two-column layout with the first column taking up 8 parts and the second column taking up 4 parts of the available space on medium-sized devices (desktops).

Milligram Grid System

Milligram’s grid system is powered by Flexbox, which is a CSS3 layout mode that offers a more efficient way to lay out, align and distribute space among items in a container, even when their size is unknown.

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="column column-75">.column-75</div>
    <div class="column column-25">.column-25</div>

Milligram’s .column-75 and .column-25 classes are used to create a similar two-column layout, with the first column taking up roughly 75% of the width and the second column the remaining 25%.

Components and Utilities

Bootstrap Components

Bootstrap comes with a wide range of pre-styled components like buttons, navigation bars, modals, carousels, and more. These components are designed to be responsive and consistent across different browsers and devices.

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-light bg-light">
  <!-- Navbar content -->

The code snippet above is an example of a responsive navigation bar in Bootstrap.

Milligram Components

Milligram provides a smaller set of components, focusing on the essentials like buttons, lists, forms, and tables. It doesn’t include components like modals or carousels, as it is meant to be a starting point for a more customized design.

<button class="button">Default Button</button>

The above example shows a simple button in Milligram.

Customization and Flexibility

Customizing Bootstrap

Bootstrap can be customized using its built-in customizer or by modifying its source SASS files. It allows developers to change colors, grid settings, font sizes, and much more.

Customizing Milligram

Milligram can also be customized, but given its minimalistic nature, there’s less to change out of the box. Customization usually involves adding your own CSS on top of Milligram’s base styles.

Performance and Overhead

Bootstrap Performance

Bootstrap is larger in size compared to Milligram, which can impact the load time and performance of a website, especially if only a few components are used. However, it’s possible to mitigate this by using module bundlers like Webpack to include only the necessary parts of Bootstrap.

Milligram Performance

Milligram’s small footprint makes it an excellent choice for performance. With a size of only about 2KB gzipped, it’s much lighter than Bootstrap and thus, has a minimal impact on load times.

Community Support and Ecosystem

Bootstrap Community

Bootstrap has a large community and ecosystem. There are countless third-party themes, plugins, and resources available. The large user base also means it’s easier to find help and support.

Milligram Community

Milligram, being a smaller framework, has a more modest community and ecosystem. However, it’s well-documented and straightforward, which compensates for the smaller community size.


Choosing between Bootstrap and Milligram depends on the specific needs of your project. If you need a comprehensive solution with a wide range of components and extensive documentation, Bootstrap is the way to go. On the other hand, if you’re looking for a lightweight, minimalist framework that offers the basics to build upon, Milligram is an excellent choice.

Both frameworks serve different purposes and excel in their own right. Bootstrap is ideal for developers who want a robust, ready-to-use solution, while Milligram caters to those who prefer simplicity and speed. Consider the scale of your project, your team’s familiarity with the framework, and the performance requirements before making a decision.

Remember, the best framework is the one that aligns with your project goals and helps you build efficient, user-friendly websites. Whether you choose Bootstrap or Milligram, both will serve as a solid foundation for your web development endeavors.

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