How to Use and Customize Font Sizes in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework that provides a set of pre-defined classes to help you quickly style your web projects. One of the many aspects of your design that Tailwind makes easy to control is font size. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about using and customizing font sizes in Tailwind CSS.

Understanding Tailwind’s Default Font Sizes

Tailwind comes with a default set of font size utilities that you can use out of the box. These sizes are defined in a scale that starts from text-xs and goes up to text-8xl. Here’s a quick reference to the default sizes:

.text-xs   { font-size: 0.75rem; }
.text-sm   { font-size: 0.875rem; }
.text-base { font-size: 1rem; }      // Base font size
.text-lg   { font-size: 1.125rem; }
.text-xl   { font-size: 1.25rem; }
.text-2xl  { font-size: 1.5rem; }
.text-3xl  { font-size: 1.875rem; }
.text-4xl  { font-size: 2.25rem; }
.text-5xl  { font-size: 3rem; }
.text-6xl  { font-size: 3.75rem; }
.text-7xl  { font-size: 4.5rem; }
.text-8xl  { font-size: 6rem; }

To apply one of these sizes to an element, simply add the corresponding class to your HTML element:

<h1 class="text-3xl">This is a large heading</h1>
<p class="text-base">This is a paragraph with base font size.</p>

Responsive Font Sizes

Tailwind also allows you to apply different font sizes at different breakpoints. This is done using the responsive prefix (sm:, md:, lg:, xl:, 2xl:) followed by the font size class:

<p class="text-base md:text-lg lg:text-xl">This text will change size based on the screen width.</p>

In this example, the text will have a base size on small screens, a larger size on medium screens, and an even larger size on large screens.

Customizing Font Sizes

If the default font sizes don’t meet your needs, Tailwind makes it easy to customize them. You can do this by editing the tailwind.config.js file in your project.

Here’s how you can add custom font sizes:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  theme: {
    extend: {
      fontSize: {
        'tiny': '0.625rem', // 10px
        'huge': '5rem',     // 80px

After adding these custom sizes, you can use them just like the default sizes:

<p class="text-tiny">This text is tiny.</p>
<p class="text-huge">This text is huge.</p>

Using Font Size with Other Utilities

Tailwind’s utility classes can be combined to achieve various design requirements. For example, you can combine font size utilities with font weight, line height, and color utilities:

<h2 class="text-2xl font-semibold leading-tight text-gray-700">Combining Utilities</h2>

In this example, the heading has a font size of 2xl, a semi-bold weight, tight line height, and a gray color.

Best Practices for Font Sizes in Tailwind CSS

When working with font sizes in Tailwind, it’s important to maintain consistency and readability across your website. Here are some best practices:

  • Use relative units like rem to ensure scalability and accessibility.
  • Limit the number of different font sizes to maintain a clean and consistent design.
  • Use responsive font sizes to improve readability on different devices.
  • Define custom font sizes in your tailwind.config.js file to keep all your styling centralized.

Resources for Further Learning

To learn more about Tailwind CSS and its font size utilities, check out the following resources:


Tailwind CSS’s font size utilities provide a quick and efficient way to control typography in your web projects. By understanding the default sizes, learning how to apply responsive font sizes, and customizing your own, you can create a visually appealing and accessible website. Remember to follow best practices and use the resources available to deepen your understanding of Tailwind CSS.


What do you think?