Ant Design vs Vuetify

When it comes to choosing a CSS framework for your next project, there are many factors to consider. Two popular options among front-end developers are Ant Design and Vuetify. Both frameworks offer a rich set of components and tools to build user interfaces, but they cater to different ecosystems. Ant Design is designed for React, while Vuetify is tailored for Vue.js. In this article, we will dive deep into both frameworks, comparing their features, ease of use, community support, and more.

Introduction to Ant Design

Ant Design is an enterprise-class UI design language and React UI library that provides high-quality React components out of the box. It’s widely used for creating complex and refined user interfaces, especially in enterprise-grade applications.

Key Features of Ant Design

  • A comprehensive set of over 50 components that cover most layout and UI interaction needs.
  • Built-in TypeScript support for type safety and better development experience.
  • A theme customization system that allows you to alter the look and feel of your UI.
  • Internationalization support for building global applications.

Ant Design Documentation and Installation

The Ant Design documentation is thorough and well-organized, making it easy for developers to get started or find detailed information on specific components.

To install Ant Design in your project, simply run:

npm install antd

or if you’re using yarn:

yarn add antd

Popular Third-Party Addons for Ant Design

While Ant Design offers a comprehensive suite of components, there are several third-party libraries that can enhance your experience:

  • ant-design-pro: An out-of-box UI solution for enterprise applications.
  • ant-motion: A motion design specification from Ant Design.

Introduction to Vuetify

Vuetify is a Material Design component framework for Vue.js. It aims to provide clean, semantic, and reusable components that make building your application a breeze.

Key Features of Vuetify

  • A rich set of over 80 material design components.
  • Easy integration with Vue CLI-3.
  • Automatic tree-shaking for optimized bundle sizes.
  • A-la-carte importing of components for even smaller builds.
  • Support for server-side rendering with Nuxt.js.

Vuetify Documentation and Installation

Vuetify’s documentation is comprehensive and includes examples and configuration options for all components.

Installing Vuetify is straightforward with Vue CLI:

vue add vuetify

Popular Third-Party Addons for Vuetify

To extend the functionality of Vuetify, the community has created plugins and addons:

Detailed Code Samples

To give you a better understanding of how Ant Design and Vuetify are implemented, let’s look at some detailed code samples for common UI components.

Ant Design: Button Component

import React from 'react';
import { Button } from 'antd';

const App = () => (
    <Button type="primary">Primary Button</Button>
    <Button>Default Button</Button>
    <Button type="dashed">Dashed Button</Button>
    <Button type="text">Text Button</Button>
    <Button type="link">Link Button</Button>

export default App;

Vuetify: Button Component

    <v-btn color="primary">Primary Button</v-btn>
    <v-btn>Default Button</v-btn>
    <v-btn outlined>Dashed Button</v-btn>
    <v-btn text>Text Button</v-btn>
    <v-btn depressed>Link Button</v-btn>

export default {
  name: 'App',

In these examples, you can see that both frameworks offer a variety of button styles that can be easily implemented with simple property changes. Each framework adheres to its respective design philosophy, with Ant Design following the Ant Design Specification and Vuetify following Material Design principles.

Component Customization and Theming

Both Ant Design and Vuetify offer extensive theming capabilities, allowing developers to tailor the look and feel of their applications to match their brand identity.

Ant Design Theming

Ant Design allows for customization through its theme property, which can be configured in various ways, including modifying the less variables.

@import '~antd/dist/antd.less'; // Import Ant Design styles
@primary-color: #1DA57A; // Change primary color to green

You can also use the modifyVars option in your Webpack configuration to override default variables.

Vuetify Theming

Vuetify provides a powerful theming system that is a part of its configuration. You can easily change the colors used across your app using the theme property in the Vuetify options.

import Vue from 'vue';
import Vuetify from 'vuetify/lib';


export default new Vuetify({
  theme: {
    themes: {
      light: {
        primary: '#3f51b5',
        secondary: '#b0bec5',
        accent: '#8c9eff',
        error: '#b71c1c',

Community and Ecosystem

The success of a framework is often reflected in its community and the ecosystem that surrounds it. Both Ant Design and Vuetify have active communities and a wealth of resources for developers.

Ant Design Community

Ant Design has a large community with a strong presence on platforms like GitHub, Stack Overflow, and Spectrum. The framework is backed by Ant Financial, a subsidiary of Alibaba Group, which ensures active development and long-term viability.

Vuetify Community

Vuetify boasts a vibrant community and is the most popular Material Design framework for Vue.js. It has a strong following on GitHub and Discord, and the creator, John Leider, is actively involved with the community.

Performance and Accessibility

Performance and accessibility are critical for the success of modern web applications. Both frameworks have made strides in these areas.

Ant Design Performance

Ant Design components are optimized for performance, with support for server-side rendering and Webpack’s tree-shaking. However, the size of the library can be a concern for some projects.

Vuetify Performance

Vuetify is also optimized for performance, offering automatic tree-shaking and a-la-carte importing of components. The framework is committed to following the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG).


Both Ant Design and Vuetify offer a rich set of components and customization options that cater to different ecosystems—React and Vue.js, respectively. Your choice between the two will largely depend on the JavaScript framework you’re using for your project.

Ant Design is ideal for enterprise-level React applications that require a comprehensive UI toolkit with a professional look. Vuetify, on the other hand, is perfect for Vue.js developers who want to implement Material Design with minimal hassle.

Regardless of your choice, both frameworks are backed by strong communities and are continuously evolving to meet the needs of modern web development.

Additional Resources

For more information on Ant Design and Vuetify, visit the following links:

By considering your project’s specific needs and the unique features of each framework, you can make an informed decision that will set the foundation for a robust and user-friendly application.

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