Ant Design vs Chakra UI

When it comes to building modern, responsive web applications, choosing the right CSS framework can be pivotal for developers. Two popular options that have emerged in the React ecosystem are Ant Design and Chakra UI. Both libraries offer a rich set of components and tools to streamline the development process, but they each come with their own philosophies, design principles, and feature sets. In this article, we’ll delve deep into the intricacies of Ant Design and Chakra UI to help you make an informed decision for your next project.

Ant Design: An Overview

Ant Design is an enterprise-class UI design language and React UI library that provides a plethora of out-of-the-box components that are mainly focused on desktop applications. It is widely recognized for its comprehensive design system and extensive component library, which is designed to enhance the user interface consistency and development efficiency.

Key Features of Ant Design

  • Design Language: Offers a complete design language with design resources and tools.
  • Component Rich: Provides a wide range of components that are ready to use and easily customizable.
  • Internationalization: Supports dozens of languages and provides tools for building multi-language applications.
  • Customizable Themes: Allows customization of theme variables to match your brand identity.

Documentation and Installation

The documentation for Ant Design is thorough and includes examples, API descriptions, and design guidelines. To get started with Ant Design, you can install it via npm or yarn:

npm install antd
yarn add antd

For more detailed installation instructions, visit the installation page.

Popular Add-ons and Libraries

  • Ant Design Pro: A production-ready solution for admin interfaces.
  • Ant Design Charts: A rich set of charting components.
  • Ant Design Mobile: A mobile UI toolkit for React.

Chakra UI: An Overview

Chakra UI is a simple, modular, and accessible component library that gives you the building blocks to build your React applications with ease. It is highly appreciated for its simplicity and ease of styling directly with props, making it a go-to choice for rapid development.

Key Features of Chakra UI

  • Simplicity: Focused on ease of use with a simple and intuitive API.
  • Modularity: Allows you to import only the components you need, keeping your bundle size small.
  • Accessibility: Components follow the WAI-ARIA guidelines specifications and have the right aria-* attributes.
  • Themeability: Comes with a default theme based on the System UI theme specification, which can be easily customized.

Documentation and Installation

Chakra UI’s documentation is user-friendly and includes component guides, theme customization instructions, and accessibility information. To install Chakra UI in your project, use npm or yarn:

npm install @chakra-ui/react @emotion/react @emotion/styled framer-motion
yarn add @chakra-ui/react @emotion/react @emotion/styled framer-motion

For a step-by-step guide on getting started, refer to the installation page.

Popular Add-ons and Libraries

  • Chakra UI Icons: A set of commonly used icons for your projects.
  • Chakra Templates: Ready-to-use component templates.
  • Chakra UI Pro: Professionally designed, production-ready components and patterns.

Code Samples

Ant Design Sample

Let’s create a simple login form using Ant Design:

import React from 'react';
import { Form, Input, Button } from 'antd';

const LoginForm = () => {
  const onFinish = (values) => {
    console.log('Success:', values);

  return (
      initialValues={{ remember: true }}
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your username!' }]}
        <Input />
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your password!' }]}
        <Input.Password />
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Log in

export default LoginForm;

Chakra UI Sample

Now, let’s create a similar login form using Chakra UI:

import React from 'react';
import { FormControl, FormLabel, Input, Button, Box } from '@chakra-ui/react';

const LoginForm = () => {
  const handleSubmit = (event) => {
    const formData = new FormData(;
    console.log('Success:', Object.fromEntries(formData.entries()));

  return (
    <Box as="form" onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      <FormControl id="username" isRequired>
        <Input name="username" type="text" />
      <FormControl id="password" isRequired mt={4}>
        <Input name="password" type="password" />
      <Button mt={4} colorScheme="blue" type="submit">
        Log in

export default LoginForm;

Both code samples achieve the same result: a login form with username and password fields. However, you can notice the differences in syntax and styling approach between Ant Design and Chakra UI.

Stay tuned for the second half of this article, where we will compare the two libraries in terms of performance, community support, and real-world use cases.

Performance Considerations

When evaluating the performance of Ant Design and Chakra UI, it’s important to consider factors such as bundle size, rendering speed, and re-rendering optimization.

Ant Design Performance

Ant Design is known for its comprehensive component library, which can lead to a larger bundle size if not properly optimized. However, Ant Design supports tree-shaking, which means that with the correct configuration, your build tools can exclude unused components from the final bundle. Additionally, Ant Design components are optimized for performance in enterprise-level applications, ensuring that they can handle complex UIs and large data sets efficiently.

Chakra UI Performance

Chakra UI, on the other hand, emphasizes modularity and provides a leaner set of components out of the box. This can result in a smaller initial bundle size, which is beneficial for performance, especially on mobile devices or in low-bandwidth environments. Chakra UI also encourages the use of hooks and functional components, which can lead to more efficient re-rendering patterns in React applications.

Community Support and Ecosystem

The strength and activity of a framework’s community can significantly impact its usability, as it often translates into the availability of resources, third-party extensions, and timely support.

Ant Design Community

Ant Design has a large and active community, particularly in China, where it originated. It has a substantial number of contributors on GitHub, and many issues and pull requests are actively managed. The ecosystem around Ant Design is rich, with numerous third-party libraries and tools that extend its capabilities.

Chakra UI Community

Chakra UI has quickly gained popularity in the global React community for its focus on simplicity and accessibility. It has a growing number of contributors and a supportive community that can be found on platforms like GitHub and Discord. The ecosystem around Chakra UI is expanding, with more resources and third-party integrations becoming available over time.

Real-world Use Cases

When deciding between Ant Design and Chakra UI, it’s helpful to look at real-world use cases and the types of projects each framework is best suited for.

Ant Design in Practice

Ant Design is often chosen for enterprise applications, admin dashboards, and complex web applications that require a comprehensive set of components and features. Its detailed design language and enterprise focus make it a solid choice for projects that need to scale and maintain a consistent look and feel across a large number of features and views.

Chakra UI in Practice

Chakra UI is a good fit for startups, individual developers, and projects that prioritize rapid development and ease of use. Its accessibility-first approach also makes it an excellent choice for public-facing websites and applications that need to be compliant with accessibility standards.


Both Ant Design and Chakra UI offer compelling features for React developers looking to streamline their UI development process. Ant Design stands out with its extensive component library and enterprise focus, making it ideal for large-scale applications. Chakra UI shines with its simplicity, modularity, and accessibility, catering to developers who value ease of use and performance.

Ultimately, the choice between Ant Design and Chakra UI will depend on the specific needs of your project and your priorities in terms of design, performance, and community support. By considering the points discussed in this article, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your development goals.

For further exploration, you can visit the official websites and documentation of both frameworks to dive deeper into their capabilities:

Whether you choose Ant Design or Chakra UI, both frameworks are robust options that will help you create beautiful, responsive, and user-friendly applications with React.

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