Milligram vs Ant Design

CSS frameworks have become an essential part of modern web development, offering developers pre-written CSS classes and components to help speed up the development process and ensure consistent styling across websites. In this article, we will compare two popular CSS frameworks: Milligram and Ant Design. We’ll explore their features, ease of use, community support, and much more to help you decide which framework might be best suited for your next project.

Introduction to Milligram

Milligram is a minimalist CSS framework designed for simplicity and speed. It provides a bare-bones structure that includes basic styling for common HTML elements without the bloat of larger frameworks. Milligram’s lightweight approach is perfect for projects that require a simple starting point without the need for extensive design components.

Key Features of Milligram

  • Minimalist Design: Milligram focuses on the essentials, providing styles for typography, buttons, forms, grids, and a few other elements.
  • Lightweight: The entire framework is only about 2KB gzipped, making it incredibly fast to load.
  • Flexbox Grid: It uses a Flexbox grid system for creating responsive layouts.
  • Responsive: Milligram is built to be responsive out of the box, ensuring that your website looks great on all devices.

Documentation and Installation

To get started with Milligram, you can visit the documentation page for detailed instructions. Installation is straightforward and can be done using npm, yarn, or by including a link to the Milligram CSS file in your HTML.

<!-- Include Milligram CSS from a CDN -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries

While Milligram itself is quite lean, you can extend its capabilities with third-party addons such as:

  • Milligram-scss: A SCSS version of Milligram for those who prefer using Sass as their preprocessor.
  • Milligram-themes: Various themes for Milligram to quickly change the look and feel of your project.

Introduction to Ant Design

Ant Design is a comprehensive design system and React UI library that offers a suite of high-quality components and demos for building rich, interactive user interfaces. Unlike Milligram, Ant Design is much more than a simple CSS framework—it’s a complete design system geared towards enterprise-level applications.

Key Features of Ant Design

  • Extensive Component Library: Ant Design provides a wide range of pre-designed components such as tables, forms, navigation menus, and more.
  • Customizable Themes: It offers a theming system that allows you to customize the design to fit your brand.
  • Internationalization Support: Built-in support for internationalization makes it easier to create multilingual applications.
  • Best Practices: Ant Design is designed with best practices in mind, ensuring accessibility and a high-quality user experience.

Documentation and Installation

Ant Design has a comprehensive documentation site that covers everything from installation to usage of individual components. To install Ant Design, you can use npm or yarn:

npm install antd


yarn add antd

Popular Third-Party Addons or Libraries

Ant Design’s ecosystem is rich with third-party libraries and addons, such as:

  • Ant Design Pro: An out-of-the-box solution for enterprise applications, providing a set of templates and components.
  • Ant Design Charts: A React chart library that works seamlessly with Ant Design components.
  • Ant Design Mobile: A mobile design specification from Ant Design for developing mobile applications.

Code Samples

Let’s look at some code samples to see how Milligram and Ant Design handle similar tasks.

Milligram Code Sample: Basic Button

<!-- Milligram Button -->
<button class="button">Default Button</button>

Ant Design Code Sample: Basic Button

To use a button in Ant Design, you would first import the Button component from the library and then use it in your React component:

import React from 'react';
import { Button } from 'antd';

const App = () => (
  // Ant Design Button
  <Button type="primary">Primary Button</Button>

export default App;

As we can see from these code samples, Milligram provides a more straightforward approach with pure HTML and CSS, while Ant Design requires React and JavaScript for component creation.

Grid System Comparison

A grid system is a fundamental aspect of any CSS framework as it allows for the creation of responsive layouts. Here’s how Milligram and Ant Design approach grid systems:

Milligram Grid System

Milligram uses a Flexbox grid system, which is straightforward and easy to use. It allows you to create flexible and responsive layouts with minimal effort. Here’s an example of a three-column layout using Milligram’s grid:

<div class="container">
  <div class="row">
    <div class="column column-33">One-third</div>
    <div class="column column-33">One-third</div>
    <div class="column column-33">One-third</div>

Ant Design Grid System

Ant Design’s grid system is based on the 24-grid rule, which allows for more fine-grained control over the layout. It is implemented through the Row and Col components in React. Here’s how you can create a similar three-column layout with Ant Design:

import React from 'react';
import { Row, Col } from 'antd';

const App = () => (
    <Col span={8}>One-third</Col>
    <Col span={8}>One-third</Col>
    <Col span={8}>One-third</Col>

export default App;

The span attribute in the Col component determines the number of grid divisions the column should occupy, with each division being a fraction of the 24 total available.

Customization and Theming

Customization is key for branding and personalizing your project’s appearance. Here’s how both frameworks handle customization and theming.

Milligram Customization

Milligram’s minimalist approach means there are fewer built-in options for customization. However, you can still customize the framework by overriding the default CSS variables. Since it’s lightweight, developers often add their own styles on top of Milligram to achieve the desired look.

Ant Design Customization

Ant Design offers a robust theming system that can be customized using Less variables. You can modify these variables to change the appearance of components globally. This can be done by configuring your build tool to override the default Less variables provided by Ant Design.

Community and Support

Community support is crucial for the longevity and reliability of any framework. Both Milligram and Ant Design have active communities, but their scale and focus differ significantly.

Milligram Community

Milligram, being a smaller and more focused framework, has a smaller community. However, it’s still backed by a dedicated group of users and contributors who maintain its documentation and provide support through various online forums.

Ant Design Community

Ant Design, on the other hand, has a large and active community. It is widely used in enterprise environments, especially within the React ecosystem. The framework is well-maintained with regular updates, and there’s a wealth of resources, including tutorials, forums, and third-party extensions.


When choosing between Milligram and Ant Design, consider the scope and requirements of your project. Milligram is an excellent choice for developers who need a lightweight, fast-loading framework without the need for complex components. It’s best suited for small projects or when you want to avoid the overhead of larger frameworks.

Ant Design, conversely, is ideal for developers working on complex applications, particularly within the React ecosystem. It provides a comprehensive suite of components and tools designed to streamline the development of enterprise-level applications.

Ultimately, the decision comes down to your project’s specific needs, your development environment, and the level of customization you require. Both Milligram and Ant Design have their strengths and serve different purposes within the web development landscape.

Explore Milligram:

Explore Ant Design:

By carefully considering the features and capabilities of each framework, you can make an informed decision that best aligns with your project goals and development workflow.

More Milligram CSS Comparisons


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