How To Use Grid Template Rows in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework that allows developers to quickly style their applications by using predefined classes. One of the powerful features of Tailwind is its grid system, which is based on the CSS Grid Layout. In this article, we’ll explore how to use the grid-template-rows property in Tailwind CSS to create grid layouts with specific row sizes.

Understanding CSS Grid Layout

Before diving into Tailwind’s implementation, it’s essential to understand the basics of CSS Grid Layout. The Grid Layout allows for two-dimensional layouts, meaning you can control both rows and columns. The grid-template-rows property is used to define the size of the rows in the grid.

Setting Up Tailwind CSS

To use Tailwind CSS, you need to have it installed in your project. If you haven’t already, you can install Tailwind via npm:

npm install tailwindcss

Once installed, you can include Tailwind in your CSS by using the @tailwind directive:

@tailwind base;
@tailwind components;
@tailwind utilities;

For more detailed instructions on setting up Tailwind, check out the official Tailwind installation guide.

Using Grid Template Rows in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind provides a set of utility classes for creating grid layouts. To define the rows of your grid, you can use the grid-rows-{n} classes, where {n} is the number of rows you want.

Defining Fixed Rows

To create a grid with a fixed number of rows, use the grid-rows-{n} class:

<div class="grid grid-rows-3">
  <div>Row 1</div>
  <div>Row 2</div>
  <div>Row 3</div>

This will create a grid with three rows of equal height.

Customizing Row Sizes

Tailwind also allows you to specify the size of each row using the grid-rows class with a custom value:

<div class="grid grid-rows-[200px_1fr_auto]">
  <div>Row 1 (200px)</div>
  <div>Row 2 (1fr)</div>
  <div>Row 3 (auto)</div>

In the example above, the first row is set to 200px, the second row takes up the remaining space (1fr), and the third row is sized automatically based on its content (auto).

Responsive Grid Rows

Tailwind’s responsive design features allow you to change the grid layout based on the screen size. You can prefix the grid-rows-{n} class with a breakpoint:

<div class="grid grid-rows-1 md:grid-rows-2 lg:grid-rows-3">
  <div>Content 1</div>
  <div>Content 2</div>
  <div>Content 3</div>

In this example, the grid will have one row on small screens, two rows on medium screens, and three rows on large screens.

Gap Between Rows

To add space between the rows, use the gap-{size} or row-gap-{size} classes:

<div class="grid grid-rows-3 gap-4">
  <div>Row 1</div>
  <div>Row 2</div>
  <div>Row 3</div>

This will add a 1rem gap between the rows.

Nested Grids

You can create nested grids by adding a grid within a grid item:

<div class="grid grid-rows-2">
    <!-- Nested grid -->
    <div class="grid grid-rows-2">
      <div>Nested Row 1</div>
      <div>Nested Row 2</div>
  <div>Row 2</div>

This creates a two-row grid with another two-row grid nested inside the first cell.


Tailwind CSS’s grid system provides a flexible and responsive way to create complex layouts with ease. By using the grid-template-rows utility classes, you can define the structure of your grid rows and customize them for different screen sizes. Remember to refer to the Tailwind CSS documentation for more detailed information on grid utilities and responsive design.

Experiment with different configurations to find the perfect grid layout for your project, and enjoy the speed and simplicity that Tailwind brings to CSS styling.


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