How To Use Grid Row Start / End in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework that provides a vast array of classes to help you build complex layouts with ease. One of the features it offers is the ability to control grid row positions using the grid-row-start and grid-row-end properties. In this article, we’ll explore how to use these properties effectively in Tailwind CSS to create responsive and well-structured grid layouts.

Understanding CSS Grid Layout

Before diving into Tailwind specifics, it’s important to have a basic understanding of the CSS Grid Layout. The Grid Layout allows you to create complex designs with rows and columns, and control the placement of items within this grid system.

The grid-row-start and grid-row-end properties specify where an item should start and end in terms of grid rows. These properties can take a number that corresponds to the grid line the item should start or end at.

Setting Up Tailwind CSS

To use Tailwind CSS, you must first install it in your project. You can do this by following the official installation guide. Once Tailwind is set up, you can start using its utility classes in your HTML.

Using Grid Row Start / End in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind provides a set of utility classes that correspond to the grid-row-start and grid-row-end properties. These classes are named using the pattern row-start-{n} and row-end-{n}, where {n} is the line number you want the grid item to start or end at.

Grid Row Start

To place an item at the start of a specific row, use the row-start-{n} class. Here’s an example:

<div class="grid grid-rows-3 gap-4">
  <div class="row-start-2">This item starts at the second row.</div>

In this example, the item will start at the second row line of the grid.

Grid Row End

Similarly, to specify where an item should end, use the row-end-{n} class:

<div class="grid grid-rows-3 gap-4">
  <div class="row-end-3">This item ends at the third row.</div>

The item in this example will end at the third row line of the grid.

Spanning Multiple Rows

If you want an item to span across multiple rows, you can combine row-start-{n} and row-end-{n}:

<div class="grid grid-rows-6 gap-4">
  <div class="row-start-2 row-end-5">This item spans from the second to the fourth row.</div>

This item will cover rows two, three, and four.

Using the span Keyword

Tailwind also supports the span keyword, which allows you to specify how many rows an item should span. Use the row-span-{n} class for this purpose:

<div class="grid grid-rows-6 gap-4">
  <div class="row-span-3">This item spans three rows.</div>

The item will span three rows starting from where it is placed in the HTML.

Responsive Design

Tailwind’s grid row utilities can be combined with responsive prefixes to adjust your layout for different screen sizes. For example:

<div class="grid grid-rows-6 gap-4">
  <div class="row-start-1 row-end-3 md:row-start-2 md:row-end-5">This item's position changes on medium screens and up.</div>

Here, the item will start at row 1 and end at row 3 on small screens, but on medium screens and larger, it will start at row 2 and end at row 5.


Using the grid row start and end utilities in Tailwind CSS is a powerful way to control the layout of your grid items. By understanding how these classes work and how to apply them responsively, you can create intricate designs that are both flexible and maintainable.

For more in-depth information on CSS Grid Layout and how it works, consider reading the MDN Web Docs on CSS Grid Layout. This resource provides a comprehensive guide to all aspects of grid layout.

With Tailwind CSS, you have the tools you need to build complex web layouts quickly and efficiently. Experiment with the grid row start and end utilities to see how they can improve your design workflow.


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