How To Use Grid Auto Rows in Tailwind CSS

Creating a grid layout with dynamic content can be challenging, especially when the content varies in size. Fortunately, Tailwind CSS offers a utility-first approach to handle such scenarios with ease. In this article, we’ll explore how to use the grid-auto-rows property in Tailwind CSS to manage the row sizes in your grid layouts effectively.

Understanding Grid Auto Rows

Before diving into Tailwind specifics, let’s understand what grid-auto-rows does in CSS. This property specifies the size of any auto-generated grid rows. In other words, it defines the height of the rows that are created implicitly when there are more grid items than rows defined in your grid template.

Setting Up Tailwind CSS

To use Tailwind’s grid auto rows, you need to have Tailwind CSS installed in your project. If you haven’t already, you can follow the official installation guide to set up Tailwind CSS in your project.

Using Grid Auto Rows in Tailwind CSS

Tailwind CSS provides a set of utilities for the grid-auto-rows property, which you can use to control the height of the auto-generated rows in your grid layout.

Basic Usage

To start using grid auto rows, you need to create a grid container first. Here’s how you can do it:

<div class="grid grid-cols-3 grid-rows-2">
  <!-- Your grid items here -->

In the example above, we’ve created a grid with 3 columns and 2 explicit rows. Now, if we add more than 6 grid items, Tailwind will automatically generate additional rows to accommodate them. To control the height of these auto-generated rows, we use the auto-rows utility.

<div class="grid grid-cols-3 grid-rows-2 auto-rows-max">
  <!-- Your grid items here -->

Customizing Row Height

Tailwind allows you to customize the height of the auto rows using the following utilities:

  • auto-rows-auto: The default size of auto rows.
  • auto-rows-min: Sets the auto rows to the minimum height required by the content.
  • auto-rows-max: Sets the auto rows to fill the available space.
  • auto-rows-fr: Sets the auto rows to a fraction of the available space.

You can also specify a fixed height for the auto rows using the auto-rows-[size] utility, where [size] is a value from your Tailwind configuration file.

<div class="grid grid-cols-3 grid-rows-2 auto-rows-12">
  <!-- Your grid items here -->

In the example above, each auto-generated row will have a height of 3rem (assuming the default Tailwind scale where 4 equals 1rem).

Responsive Grid Auto Rows

Tailwind’s responsive utilities allow you to adjust the auto rows based on the viewport size. You can prefix the auto-rows utility with a breakpoint to apply different row heights at different screen sizes.

<div class="grid grid-cols-3 grid-rows-2 auto-rows-12 md:auto-rows-24">
  <!-- Your grid items here -->

In this example, the auto rows will have a height of 3rem on small screens and 6rem on medium screens and above.

Extending Tailwind Configuration

If the default utilities don’t meet your needs, you can extend Tailwind’s configuration to include custom values for the auto-rows property:

// tailwind.config.js
module.exports = {
  theme: {
    extend: {
      gridAutoRows: {
        'custom-size': '200px',

Now you can use auto-rows-custom-size in your HTML to apply a height of 200px to your auto-generated rows.


Tailwind CSS’s grid auto rows utilities provide a powerful and flexible way to control the layout of your grid items. By understanding and using these utilities, you can ensure that your grid layouts respond gracefully to the content they contain and the size of the viewport they’re displayed in.

For more information on Tailwind’s grid system and to dive deeper into the framework, check out the official Tailwind CSS documentation on grids.

By mastering the grid-auto-rows property in Tailwind CSS, you’ll be well-equipped to create responsive and dynamic grid layouts that look great on any device.


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